Asia Pacific: Perspectives
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Changed World of South Asia: Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India
after September 11
Richard J. Kozicki...................1
this article as a PDF file (169 Kb)
unprecedented attacks on the United States on September 11, 2001
dramatically reoriented American policy interests in South Asia.
Before the attacks, the George W. Bush administration had nearly
rele-gated Pakistan to the category of a rogue state because
of its coup against a democratically elected government, its support
for the Taliban regime in Afghanistan, its involvement in terrorist
insurgency in the Indian-controlled Kashmir, and its involvement
in nuclear and ballistic missiles deals with China and North Korea.
In the immediate aftermath of September 11, the Bush administration
did a complete volte-face in its dealings with Pakistan. However,
this shift has further aggravated tensions in South Asia. This
paper discusses why.
Base Mania in Central Asia
Patrick Lloyd Hatcher....................11
this article as a PDF file (149 Kb)
the September 11, 2001 attacks on the United States, the Defense
Department had no military bases in Central Asia. Half a year later
it has over a dozen. Why? According to Bush Administration spokesmen,
the Armed Forces need these bases to support the War on Terrorism
in Afghanistan. Yet their successful (so far) Afghan counter-terrorism
effort has been waged from either the decks of four aircraft carriers
in nearby waters, from the British Indian Ocean base at Diego Garcia,
or from bases in Afghanistan itself. The lust for land bases in
areas near Chinas borders or in
former Soviet republics will draw America into local quarrels for
which it has no solutions. The old Cold War tendency to make these
bases permanent has already manifested itself in a demand for recreational
facilities, pizza parlors, and coffee houses! This paper explains
why base-mania is the wrong way to fight terrorists.
Making of an Integrated National Grain Market in China
this article as a PDF file (182 Kb)
A market economy will not emerge from a redistributive economy
automatically once the state abolishes its redistributive system.
Because of the cognitive incompleteness of market actors in post-redistributive
societies, and also because of the conflicts between the state
and local interests and among local interests, selective state
interventions are inevitable and necessary for a successful market
transition. By using unique networked trade data, this paper examines
the evolution of market patterns in the new market transition economies
based on the emergence of an internal grain market under market
reform in China. The finding is that local markets, tightly protected by
local officials, tried to curtail long-distance trade beyond local
territories and thus are not starting points for an internal market
in Chinas national grain market. The emerging internal grain
market at the beginning of the 21st century in China is the result
of the deliberate actions of the reform-oriented state.
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